Camera „Beginners Guideline“

When photographers start as beginners, they have the tendency to learn visually. However, there should be a more easy and improved way to begin photography.
An infographic helps beginners to obtain knowledge on camera usage, I thought about an improved way to help them achieve the same. 

Here is information that will make you understand easily how cameras work:

Shutter Speed

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Aperture

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ISO

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And now let’s get into the details…

Exposure

The most important factor to capture a great image is exposure. Therefore, the knowledge of the way exposure works gives you control over any camera to capture best photos. 

Exposure is created from three elements, namely, ISO, Aperture, and shutter speed. However, part of the knowledge you will acquire is that exposure likewise affects digital noise, motion blur, and depth of field.

Learning the way they work will help you move into manual mode, helping you to be in charge of your camera again.

An easy way not to forget the three settings is the exposure triangle.  That is, a combination of the three controls the intensity of light drawn from any scene. 

You will likewise realize that you will need to change other settings when you change one. This applies to taking photograph at the same scene using the same lighting conditions. You can find further information on the exposure triangle here.

Aperture, shutter, iso pyramide

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Aperture

Three steps lead to exposure. Let’s begin with aperture. Aperture is the hole within the lens that allows light to pass.  It works the same way as the pupil in human eyes. More light is allowed in when the aperture is wider; likewise, little light is allowed in when it is not wide.

The f/number becomes lower as the aperture becomes wider, thereby allowing more light. However, this is not perfect when you are capturing landscapes, as the field depth will turn shallow. It is the best for low light.

Due to its direct impact on the amount of scene in focus, it is preferable to set the aperture first. However, if motion blur is to be created, then the first setting is shutter speed before the aperture.

Memorizing the f/stop will make it more easy to use exposure.

The following is f/stop scale:
f/1.4, f/2, f/2.8, f/4, f/5.6, f/8, f/11, f/16, f/22.

Aperture

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Shutter Speed

The shutter receives the light that passes through aperture of the lens. This is where you decide on the amount of light you will allow to enter the camera.

The normal thing is a little fraction of a second (say 1/250) for the prevention of motion blur. Notwithstanding, the shutter speeds to use differ for different conditions.

For instance, 1/4000 is good for sports photography and 30 seconds for night photography. Hence, it is about the available light and what you want to capture.

It is necessary to learn the way your shutter speed works as a major element in photography fundamentals.


ISO

The light gets to the sensor after filtering by the shutter speed. The decision to set the ISO is made here.

The exposure increases when you turn up the ISO number, while the image quality decreases. The picture becomes grainier. Hence, there is need to decide on what to give priority as regards exposure and grain.

For instance, you can reduce the image quality to prevent motion blur. You can’t adjust that in post-production.

ISO explained

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Exposure Summary

Immediately you understand aperture, shutter speed, and ISO, it is necessary to know how each of them works together.

Exposure is more crucial of all the fundamentals of photography. A lack of this knowledge makes composition and framing questionable in fundamental photography.

This article will provide knowledge about the stop based system to measure exposure. However, the most important thing is how to give priority to the aperture, shutter speed, and ISO to have a great photo.


How your Camera works:

Metering Modes

It is sometimes uneasy for beginners to grasp the basics in digital photography. There is more to understanding exposure than to just know what aperture, shutter speed, and ISO mean. It is necessary to know the way a camera looks at light.

Dictating to your camera the kind of look to take on at a scene is possible using metering modes. 

The spot metering mode was used to take the following photo. However, the use of evaluative mode to capture the same photo will make you have an exposure that is different entirely. 

This might be what you need to understand to know the reason for having photos underexposed or overexposed.

metering modes explained

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Histograms

What do you obtain with the histogram? Simple, it reveals a mathematical review of an exposure following the capturing of a photo. It provides information about the even exposure of a photo.

The best way to know this information is not with LCD screens as ambient conditions of light affects as well as the screen brightness.

For a correct way of starting photography, the histogram is quite robust to use.

histograms explained

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Shooting Modes

There are different modes to choose from: Full-Auto, Program, Aperture Priority, Shutter Speed Priority or Manual Mode. However, which of them is appropriate for use?

People misunderstand the appropriate mode for different conditions. There is also much bias as regards the use of manual mode.

It is easier to know the appropriate mode to use when you understand what all does. 

shooting modes


Depth of Field

A shot in low light requires widening your aperture for sufficient light to enter the lens. However, there is a bad side of this: shallow depth of field.

You can be creative about its use but there are other possibilities. For situations like landscapes, you need to use a narrower aperture to have the whole scene in focus.

Depth of field is quite essential as regards understanding the fundamentals of photography.


White Balance

Whenever I relook some of the photos that I took back then, I always wish I had the knowledge about white balance before then.

The function of the white balance is to change the color cast of a photo; it determines the overall warmth. It has the ability to dictate the appearance of your photo (warm or orange, cold or blue).

When it comes to tungsten light, there is tendency for Auto white balance not to do a nice job. Learning this fundamental photography notion early will help you have more accurate look for your photos.


Crop Factor

With cameras not up to about $2000, it is most likely that you will be shooting using a crop sensor.

This is saying that the sensor of your camera is much smaller than professional SLR cameras, thereby producing a cropped image. There are various effects of crop factor on photos.

The viewing angle created is narrower and will affect the lens you buy in the future. If you are a beginner, the first thing to do is to look out for the lenses that will help you in photography.

crop factor

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Polarizing Filters

The only function of polarizing filters is letting light enter into the lens from a specific direction. This removes glare and reflections from non-metallic objects (majorly water, glass, and sky haze). You will have saturated colors with natural look when these reflections and aberrations are cut out. 

This appears great and not possible to replicate in post-production. Therefore, you really need to understand it.


How to Take Professionally Sharp Images

Just as you a beginner in photography, here are 10 steps to take sharp photos that appear professional.

Part of what you will learn here is how to choose the appropriate aperture and shutter speed, as well as shooting in RAW.

Making little mistakes that will produce less sharp images is quite easy. This is the reason for covering the steps according to importance.


The Nifty Fifty

What does nifty fifty mean? What is lovely about it?

If you are just beginning photography, nifty fifty mean the 50mm f/1.8 prime lens. You can get it at a cheap price for the majority of digital SLRs.

This is introducing you to purchasing improved quality lenses and using aperture excellently.

Nifty Fifty


Composition

Understanding exposure is essential. However, you need to grasp the basic composition to avoid struggling to take really good photos.

This does not mean that you should engage in all compositional rules but having the understanding of the rules will provide guidance on how to take greater photos.


Rule of Thirds

Perhaps this is the first compositional rule most beginner photographers find and it simply because it is simple and is functional.

The division of the frame of your camera into thirds is the fundamental proposition. You have improved image composition with the plantation of major objects on these lines.

The function of this tool is consistent; however, you can overuse it easily. It can help you to improve your photos if you are yet to learn many things about photography.

They will appear better and interesting.

rule of thrids

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Visual Weight

There are different sizes or weights when it comes to visual weight. This has to do with what captures our attention when we view a photo.

Understanding visual weight will help you to know the way people view photos and the way to place specific elements in a frame such that you are able to direct the attention of the viewer to wherever you desire.

It is more of ‘understanding’ then it is a tool or a rule.


Triangles

Shapes play a crucial role in Photography. The majority of what we have triangles; it’s only about being able to differentiate and learning how to use them.

Due easy production and manipulation, triangles are excellent compositional tools, and quite renowned. They serve as an excellent means for the usage of more simpler and most fundamental photography compositions.

To combine various compositional techniques, they also do well. This consists of lines and paths for the creation of a more compelling photograph part.

For stability or instability feeling in photos, they are also applicable.


Eye-Lines

The importance attached to understanding the influence of eye lines on the way we look at a photo is because when taking photos, you do so with eye lines.

The direction at which the eyes of your subject point is known as eye-lines. Lead room is the negative space located in front of the face of your subject.

These are able to aim our attention on a specific part of the photo. Tension as well as other photographic elements is produced with them. 

It is possible to use them to make different elements despite not being physical lines. They aid the making of triangles and vertical lines.


Balance

Our feeling about a photo is influenced by balance. When a photo is not balanced, it has the ability to bring a feeling of unease while we tend to be relaxed when a photo is balanced.

Above all, it is not about the choice of balanced or unbalanced photo; understanding the reason for the choice of any is the main thing. However, they have different effect on your photos. 

Likewise, it is about the more details of the situation you know, the easier to have the effect that you desire.


Here is the end of the short introduction to digital photography for beginners.
Happy shooting with your camera!

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